Pakistan is blessed with all four seasons, Summer, Spring, Winter and Autumn.
Summer is here so we will start our discussion with summer. Pakistan is one of the world’s most affected countries where the temperature rises very high in summer. The average temperature of Pakistani plain areas falls between 43-48 °C. Additionally, Pakistan recorded one of the highest temperatures in the world, 53.7 °C (128.66 °F) on 28 May 2017, the hottest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan and also the second hottest measured temperature ever recorded in Asia. The daily variation in temperature may be as much as 11 °C to 17 °C.
Dust/thunderstorms occasionally break the dry, hot weather that temporarily lowers the temperature. Evenings are cool. Winters are cold, with minimum mean temperatures in Punjab of about 4 °C (39 °F) in January, and sub-zero temperatures in the far north and Balochistan.
Weather Formation/ Changes in Pakistan
It mostly occurs during the winter months and causes light to moderate showers in southern parts of the country while moderate to heavy showers with heavy snowfall in the country’s northern parts. These westerly waves are robbed of most of the moisture by the time they reach Pakistan.
Fog occurs during the winter season and remains for weeks in upper Sindh, central Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab. During fog season, sometimes the visibility is zero and all main roads including M-1, M-2 & M-3 have been closed for traffic.
Monsoon season starts in summer from June till September in all over Pakistan except some areas of north regions like FATA, Balochistan, Chitral and Gilgit- Baltistan. These monsoon rains bring a relief from scorching summer heat. These rains sometimes causes floods as well.
The Tropical Storms form in summer and start from April till June in bloom. They affect the coastal localities of the country
Dust storms occur during the summer months with a peak in May and June, They are locally known as Andhi. These dust storms are quite violent. Dust storms during the early summer indicate the arrival of the monsoons while dust storms in the autumn indicate the arrival of winter.
The heatwaves are very dangerous for locality and causes heat strokes. It continues from May till July especially in Punjab, central Balochistan and Sindh.
Thunderstorms occur in northern Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Kashmir areas.